Attitudes towards large carnivores
(Organized by: Michela Pacifici, Sapienza Università di Roma (IT); Jenny Anne Glikman, Instituto de Estudios Sociales Avanzados (IESA-CSIC))
Attitudinal studies toward large carnivores are becoming a common practice as a start for understanding human wildlife coexistence. However, human coexistence with wildlife is influenced by a variety of factors that researchers and managers struggle to identify and address. As human-wildlife interactions increase over time, successful wildlife conservation will depend not only on understanding attitudes towards wildlife, but also on implementing successful strategies for an effective coexistence among interest groups. The goal of this workshop is to advance our collective understanding of attitudes toward large carnivores, and to identify approaches to foster coexistence across Europe. The workshop will begin with a series of short presentations of research findings and lessons learned for understanding attitudes towards large carnivores across diverse European countries. Specifically, researchers will highlight case studies from southern Europe (Italy, Albania) to northern Europe (Switzerland, Germany and Sweden), as well as eastern Europe (Romania). Furthermore, there are gradients of length in co-habitation with large carnivores among these countries; there are some where large carnivores have been never extirpated, and others where recolonization is recent. After this series of presentation, participants will break into smaller groups to explore lessons learned and identify potential patterns that influence attitudes toward large carnivores, and that can support coexistence. Finally, the session participants will reconvene to summarize and synthesize progress made in small groups and to discuss potential implications for assessment, application, and evaluation of work designed to promote coexistence.
Genetic considerations as part of conservation reintroductions, supplementations and translocations
(Organized by: Philippine Vergeer, Wageningen University, Plant Ecology and Nature Conservation Group; Robert Ekblom, The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Analysis Department)
In order to prevent further decline and local extinctions of plant and animal species, reintroductions, supplementations and translocations are increasingly applied in nature conservation. However, with varying success. The reason for this may be linked to genetic processes, which are often not fully considered in restoration practices. In this workshop, we aim to bring together conservation biologists, practitioners and policy makers to highlight and discuss the importance of genetic considerations in conservation and restoration.
In four short presentations by experts in the field, successes and failures of current reintroductions and supplementations will be showcased. These will be discussed in the light of our current knowledge of genetic processes and the (lack of) use of this knowledge. First, genetic processes and the applied terms and vocabulary will be briefly explained. The following two presentations will showcase successful and unsuccessful projects with plants and animals and discuss which and how genetic considerations have been adopted. In the last presentation we will highlight the work that is needed after the initial efforts of reintroductions. Here we will discuss importance of monitoring, implementation of specific management practices and troubleshooting in problematic reintroduction, supplementation and translocation programmes.
After the presentations we will start a discussion based on examples that are either provided by the participants or by the organisation of the workshop. For this, we will ask the participants to provide us with an example from their practice in a maximum of 50 words. A selection of (groups of) case studies will be discussed on major themes such as bottlenecks and opportunities, risks, methodology, and implementation in management.
This workshop will provide a forum for this discussion with a broad aim to increase awareness of genetic processes in nature conservation, leading to more effective and successful conservation outcomes.
Science-Policy Interfaces in a Rapidly Changing World
(Organized by: Eszter Kelemen, Institute for Sociology, Centre for Social Sciences (HU); Marie Vandewalle, Department of Conservation Biology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (GE); Juliette Young, INRAE – FR; Hien T. Ngo, UN-FAO (IT)
The concept of science-policy interfaces (SPIs) has been attracting a growing interest both in theoretical and empirical research since its inception in the mid-2000s. SPIs can be understood as social processes of mutual relations and knowledge co-creation between policy-makers, scientists and other actors in the policy process which contribute to more robust policy decisions (van den Hove, 2007). Interactions between actors of the SPIs are facilitated by boundary organizations, showing large diversity in terms of whom they engage, what knowledge creation processes are developed, or which scales they operate at (Sarkki et al. 2020). In recent years, biodiversity focused SPIs are proliferating at various scales of decision-making, ranging from global (e.g. IPBES) to EU (e.g. Eklipse, OPPLA) and national level platforms.
Current crises affecting different dimensions of our lives - i.e. climate change, biodiversity loss, the socio-economic and health impacts of the pandemics, or the emergence of ‘alternative truths’ and the growing mistrust in science and political institutions - requires SPIs to adapt to a rapidly changing world. Strategic policy documents and scientific papers urge for transformative changes, including transformations in how politics and governance are enacted, and rethinking the role science and knowledge play in the policy process. Key aspects of the renewal of SPIs include, among others, the widening of their scope by collaboration between existing interfaces along horizontal topics (see e.g. the recent IPBES-IPCC report), and the broadening of the range of actors who participate (i.e. moving towards science-policy-society interfaces).
The objective of this workshop is to contextualize SPIs among these changing circumstances and discuss potential new pathways for SPIs which can genuinely contribute to transformational change.
How international Conventions, Treaties and Organizations serve Nature Conservation (Organized by: Katalin Pap, University of Szeged)
What’s driving insect decline (and what’s not)? (Organized by: Andrew Bladon, Lynn Dicks, University of Cambridge)
Workshops are aimed at encouraging interaction and dialogue between a smaller group of speakers and the broader audience. The format of workshops is flexible. As an example, a workshop might consist of a few short talks providing an overview followed by a facilitated discussion, or they may be a focused, round-table type discussions to synthesize participants’ insights of a particular challenge for humanity. The duration of a workshop can be up to 2 hours, and will be scheduled in parallel with symposia and contributed sessions. All workshop organisers and speakers must be registered participants (as early bird registrants).